Westminster Confession

The Westminster Confession (1646), Larger and Shorter Catechisms (1647)

A brief discussion of The Westminster Confession of Faith and the Larger and Shorter Catechisms, important later works in the Protestant Reformation: In 1646 and 1647, maybe the most important and most influential Reformed confessions and catechisms ever were written, “The Westminster Confession” and the Larger and Shorter Catechisms. They were composed to reform the Church of England to be more Calvinistic and to unite the church in Scotland, Ireland,… Read More »The Westminster Confession (1646), Larger and Shorter Catechisms (1647)

The Colloquy of Thorn

The Colloquy of Thorn (1645)

A brief description of The Colloquy of Thorn, an attempt at uniting Roman Catholics and Protestants during the Protestant Reformation: In 1645, King Vladislaus IV, Vasa of Poland, sought to unite all Christians, both Protestant and Roman Catholic. Representatives from the Roman Catholics, The Bohemian and Reformed, the Lutherans, and Dutch Arminians all gathered in the town of Thorn, in Germany. Each group was supposed to read their own concise… Read More »The Colloquy of Thorn (1645)

The London Baptist Confession Author - 1644

The London Baptist Confession (1644)

A brief description of The London Baptist Confession, the first confession of faith of the Particular Baptists in the Protestant Reformation: In 1644, William Kiffin left the church of England and established a Particular Baptist church in London. Their first confession, written in 1643, was published in 1644.[1] [1] James T. Dennison, Jr., ed., introduction to “The London Baptist Confession (1644),” in 1600-1693, vol. 4 of Reformed Confessions of the… Read More »The London Baptist Confession (1644)

Canons of Dort

The Canons of Dort (1618-1619)

A brief description of The Canons of Dort, an important confession in the Protestant Reformation: In 1610, the Remonstrants codified the teachings of Jacob Arminius against the teachings of John Calvin. Arminius was a former student of Theodore Beza who took issue with the doctrines of total depravity, predestination, and the substitutionary atonement. Due to the Remonstrants, Holland became embroiled in controversy. Maurice of Orange called a national synod at… Read More »The Canons of Dort (1618-1619)

James Ussher

James Ussher (1581-1656)

A brief bio of James Ussher, a later Reformer in the Protestant Reformation The same year John Craig’s Catechism was published, James Ussher was born. Ussher was a well-respected scholar who had far-reaching influence over Protestantism in the 1600s.[1] He is best known for dating the beginning of creation at 4004 B.C. since it was inserted in the marginal notes of the King James Version of the Bible. But, most… Read More »James Ussher (1581-1656)

John Craig

John Craig (1512-1600)

A brief bio of John Craig, a later Reformer in the Protestant Reformation Another laborer in the Reformation to consider is John Craig. Craig was a Dominican monk who was converted to the Protestant gospel by reading John Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion. While preaching in Italy, he was arrested and condemned to be burned at the stake in Rome as a heretic in 1559, but he was released… Read More »John Craig (1512-1600)

The Sandomierz Consensus

The Sandomierz Consensus (1570)

A brief description of The Sandomierz Consensus in the Protestant Reformation: The Council of Trent assured that there would be no reconciliation between the Protestants and the Roman Catholic Church. Trent essentially declared that all Protestants were heretics. The Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation proved to be a formidable opponent to Protestantism. As a result, Lutherans, Zwinglians/Reformed, and Czech/Bohemian Brethren from Poland to Lithuania sought to unite with a statement they could… Read More »The Sandomierz Consensus (1570)

Council of Trent

Council of Trent (1545-1563)

A brief description of the Council of Trent, a response to the Protestant Reformation: By the 1540s, the Reformation was exploding in growth and influence. As a result, leaders in the Roman Catholic church gathered at the Council of Trent in 1545 to officially answer Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation. The council took 18 years to conclude.[1] At their twenty-fifth and final session on December 23, 1563, The Council… Read More »Council of Trent (1545-1563)

Peter Martyr Vermigli

Peter Martyr Vermigli (1500-1562)

A brief bio of Peter Martyr Vermigli, an early Reformer in the Protestant Reformation: Peter Martyr Vermigli was an Italian Reformer. He began as an Augustinian priest and labored for reform in the Roman Catholic Church until he was converted to the Protestant gospel between 1537 and 1540. He fled for his life in 1542, eventually landing at Strassburg, where he taught with Martin Bucer from 1542 to 1547, with… Read More »Peter Martyr Vermigli (1500-1562)

Henry Bullinger

Henry Bullinger (1504-1575)

A brief bio of Henry Bullinger, an early Reformer in the Protestant Reformation: When Zacharias Ursinus was crafting “The Heidelberg Catechism,” Henry Bullinger was serving as Ulrich Zwingli’s successor in Zurich. Bullinger was converted to the Protestant gospel in the early 1520s through reading the Church Fathers and Martin Luther’s early works. He grew to be the successor of Zwingli beginning in 1531 and served until his death in 1575.[1]… Read More »Henry Bullinger (1504-1575)